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游戏策划的职位分工

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【导读】入行难度:关卡编辑<创意<剧情<任务<UI<关卡<数值<脚本=系统<主策划
门槛和能力要求:主策划>系统=脚本>数值>关卡>UI>任务>剧情>创意>关卡编辑
薪水高低:主策划>系统=脚本>数值>关卡>UI>任务>剧情>创意>关卡编辑

游戏策划分工

游戏策划分工

广义上分为主策划和执行策划;狭义上分为主策划,关卡策划数值策划系统策划剧情策划等,有的公司还会有UI(界面)策划、任务策划、脚本策划等。

1、主策划

职责:

负责给下属的执行策划分配任务;负责程序、美术部门的沟通;负责策划设计工作的质量监督;负责项目进度安排、负责整体设计框架的架构等方面。

门槛和能力要求:

主策划一般都是资深的执行策划晋升的。目前行业内默认需要最少3年以上的设计经验才能够担任主策划(有的大公司要求至少5年以上)。在所有策划中能力要求最高,也就是需要是个全才;此外,还需要有一定的管理经验。

新人的话不可能一开始担任主策划(除非是自己有钱开公司,然后自己当),除非本身是个天才,或者能力特别强。而且一般公司也根本不可能让一个没经验的新手,主导一款投资数百甚至上千万的游戏的设计。所以新手入行担任主策划根本不现实。

当然,在行业内还是存在没有行业经验的人,入行后即担任主策划的例子,如:冰岛CCP公司开发的游戏EVE(星战前夜OL)主设计师就是一位,不过此人是双硕士学位。

薪水:

所有策划中最高。

2、关卡策划

职责:

需要掌握绘图工具设计关卡。配合数值策划设定数值、配合剧情策划进行设计、甚至系统设计等方面。需要跟进程序,进行任务系统方面的实现;提出任务编辑器、场景编辑器等方面的需求;提交美术资源的需求;跟进美术资源的制作等等。此外,还要架构整个任务系统,进行场景架构,编写任务等等。

门槛和能力要求:

门槛中等,不算高也不算低。最关键的是需要熟练掌握一门绘图工具,推荐VISIO,上手最快。其他如PS、AUTOCAD等也可以。我就是用的AUTOCAD画图的。记住工具使用一定要熟练,不是会用就行了。

此外,要有一定美术基础。例如你设计好的场景,提交资源需求给美术以后,美术制作完成,这个时候你需要验收美术资源是否符合你的要求,没有一定美术基础就会比较麻烦。

另外,还需要一定的系统设计能力,因为关卡策划需要设计架构任务系统,在后期关卡设计完成后,还需要提交任务、场景等编辑器的需求。

最后,关卡设计能力。这个需要设计很多的场景和关卡才能够掌握,最好多玩玩游戏吧。另外,我推荐《游戏关卡设计》这本书,这本书是目前市面上不多的专门性的关卡设计的工具书。

其他,对历史、地理、建筑等方面需要有一定了解。如设计一个古希腊的场景,这样你需要了解相关的古希腊历史知识,不然你怎么设计场景?怎么规划任务?怎么设计NPC?对地理也需要了解,毕竟关卡策划需要架构的不是一个场景和关卡,而是整个世界;此外,建筑方面也需要了解,毕竟关卡中肯定会有各种建筑的存在。

总之一句话,关卡设计师可以说是整个游戏世界的创建者,所做的工作也很杂很广很多样。

薪水:

中等水平。

3、数值策划

职责:

进行数值的平衡和制定,游戏中各种公式的设计,以及整个经济系统的搭建,整个战斗系统的设计等。根据公司和项目不同,可能还包括同战斗系统和数值密切相关的,如职业系统、技能系统、装备系统、精炼打造系统等系统的设计。此外,需要关卡策划的辅助进行怪物数值的制定,需要系统策划配合,进行系统中各种数值的设定等。

门槛和能力要求:

这个职位要求很高,没有很严密的逻辑思维是很难胜任的。此外,还需要有系统设计能力。因为一般数值策划都能够兼任系统策划,一般这两个职位都需要很严密的逻辑思维能力,以及系统设计能力,所以好的数值策划也一定是好的系统策划。如果大学里面数学就很好,那一般都没问题。

薪水:

较高。

4、系统策划

职责:

顾名思义,就是游戏中各个主要系统的设计者。

门槛和能力要求:

这个职位对策划的要求很高,因为一般新手策划担任系统设计工作,在设计中难免会出现漏洞,从而给玩家钻空子。

另外这个职位对逻辑思维能力要求也很高,类似于数值策划;一般项目没有数值策划,会要系统策划兼任数值策划。

此外,由于需要频繁的同程序打交道,跟进程序功能的实现,所以还需要一定的程序功底。如果本身就是程序的话,转系统策划会比较容易。

可以说,这个职位的门槛是所有策划中最高的。

薪水:

仅次于主策划。

5、剧情策划

职责:

主要负责游戏的背景、世界观、剧情的扩展,任务的设计,任务对白的撰写等方面。另外,在剧情设计中,剧情策划还需要同关卡策划紧密配合。因为关卡策划在架构世界的时候,就是依托于剧情策划设计的世界观和背景的。而剧情策划又会根据关卡策划设计的世界,设计相关的剧情。

门槛和能力要求:

入行门槛最低。哪怕你没有一点策划方面的经验,只是个新手,但是只要你有一定的文学功底都可以很容易的入行。毕竟文字和文章人人都会写,区别只是写的好与不好的问题,而且评判好与不好个人也有不同的标准,所以文字剧情策划是很容易的入行的。

不过一般国内的游戏公司不太注重剧情方面,这同国外是完全不同的。其实剧情策划在国外是一个很重要的职位,但是在国内很不受重视(看看国内研发的国产网游就知道了),往往这个职位都是留个新手的,而且薪水在所有策划中是最低的,也是最没前途的。

薪水:

所有策划中是最低。

6、其他非主流策划

UI策划:

游戏中界面的设计,美术资源的管理等方面。不过一般这个职位游戏研发公司招聘的较少,通常都是由其他策划兼任的。有不少公司也会让美术担任相关职位。

脚本策划:

一般有的公司还会有脚本策划。这个职位需要你有一定的编程能力,会类似LUA等脚本语言。一般的公司会有专门的程序编写相关的各种编辑器,如场景编辑器、道具编辑器、技能编辑器、NPC编辑器等,这样就不需要脚本策划了。这个职位对能力的要求更接近于系统策划。

创意策划:

某些公司还会招一些创意策划,讲白了就是打杂的。类似于策划助理一般的职位。一般都是招新人的多。

任务策划:

有的公司还会招聘任务策划一类的设计师,这类设计师工作职责更接近于剧情策划,但是又有不同,会分担一部分关卡策划原本应该担任的任务设计的工作,让关卡设计师更专注于关卡设计上。

关卡编辑:

这个其实不能算是策划。有的公司会让新手策划担任,主要目的在于节省人工;有的公司会让美术担任。
入行难度:关卡编辑<创意<剧情<任务<UI<关卡<数值<脚本=系统<主策划
门槛和能力要求:主策划>系统=脚本>数值>关卡>UI>任务>剧情>创意>关卡编辑
薪水高低:主策划>系统=脚本>数值>关卡>UI>任务>剧情>创意>关卡编辑

以上,如果是打算入行的新手的话,需要根据你自己的能力,以及掌握的知识和技能进行定位,确定你适合哪种策划,然后再根据上面提到的职位要求,努力自学就可以了。

如果想要尽快入行的话,最好是从剧情策划入手,因为这个是最好入行的,也是门槛最低的。等有了相关经验,再转到其他方面不迟。

单机游戏的游戏策划分类–“GA-游戏策划新手营”站长手记: 传说中的打杂策划

有的新人可能经常听到“打杂策划”这个词,即“打杂策划是做什么的呢?经过了解,大致分为是以下三种情况:

1、游戏策划的自嘲,很多策划认为自己就是打杂的。
2、执行策划的统称,小公司分工那么明确,除了主策,其他就是执行策划,俗称“打杂策划”,意思是什么都干。
3、确有“打杂”一职:在有些公司,会设立专门的打杂策划,具体职位名称不一,例如上文说的“创意策划”,或者叫“策划助理”,或者叫“实习策划”等,给资深策划当当助手,做些繁琐而琐碎的事情。

 

单机游戏的游戏策划分类

关于游戏策划的分类并没有严格上的定义,在搜索资料的过程中,站长看了非常多的分类法,最后选择了法师猫不凡的这一篇(已获得其本人转载许可),是写得最详细最贴切的。“游戏策划”是国内游戏业从国外引申而来的一个词汇,欧美叫“游戏设计”(Game Designer),在日本和台湾被称作“游戏企划”。

欧美比较常见的分类是:Game Designer与Level Designer,,一般按职位高低分为Junior、Senior,而后是LEAD与director。Game Designer可翻译为游戏设计,主要负责游戏系统与规则设计,Level Designer可翻译为关卡设计,主要负责地图布局与关卡内容等。国外也有剧情策划,但一般叫Writer。

 

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