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成为游戏策划设计师需要哪些技能

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【导读】简而言之,作为一名游戏设计师,需要具备所有的技能。而且对于游戏设计师来说,几乎你所有擅长的东西都能成为有用的技能。这里按名称列举了一些重要的技能。

动画(Animation)绘画能力:

现代游戏中充满着大量的游戏角色,这些角色需要看起来足够鲜活。“Animation”这个词的意思是“赋予生命”。了解角色动画的作用和局限可以让你打开通往游戏设计的大门,帮你实现前所未有的独创设计。

人类学(Anthropology):

你需要体验你的受众的兴趣与爱好,尝试去描绘他们心中的渴望,因为只有这样,你的游戏才可能满足他们内心的需要。

建筑学(Architecture):

你将要设计的不单单是建筑,而是整个城市,甚至是整个世界。对于建筑学的精通,就是对于人与空间关系的深入理解,这将为你创造游戏世界带来巨大的帮助。

头脑风暴法(Brainstorming):

你有时会需要产生许多创意,甚至是几百种创意。

商业(Business):

游戏产业就是一个行业。大多数游戏都是用来赚钱的。你越了解业务方面的知识,就越有机会制作你梦想中的游戏。

电影摄制艺术(Cinematography):

许多游戏都拥有电影过场,而且几乎所有的现代视频游戏都拥有一台虚拟摄像机,如果你想传达一种引发情感的体验,那么你就需要了解电影摄制的技术。

沟通能力(Communication):

在这里列举的任何一个学科,甚至在其他所有的学科中,你都需要与人交谈,这是无可避免的。你需要处理和解决因沟通不畅而造成的争论和问题,还要去了解开发团队中的队友,客户及玩家对于游戏的真实感受。

创作性写作(Creative Writing):

你会构建整个虚拟世界,描述那里生活的人们,以及决定那里可能发生的事情。

经济学(Ecibinucs):

由于很多的现代游戏在管理游戏资源方面都具有经济模型的特征。所以,了解经济学的法则对于游戏设计师来说将会是大有裨益的。

工程学(Engineering):

在现今的世界中,现代视频游戏包含了一些最复杂的工程技术,有些游戏产品的代码量甚至达到了几百万行。新的技术革新使我们实现新的游戏机制成为可能。用于创新的游戏设计师必须了解技术给我们带来的限制,也必须了解技术赋予我们的能力。

历史(History):

很多游戏都被设定在历史背景下。甚至于那些将背景设定在幻想世界中的游戏,都能从历史中获得不可思议的灵感。

管理能力(Management):

当一个团队朝着一个目标前进的时候,必须有管理参与其中,才能确保目标的达成。好的设计师在管理混乱的情况下依然能使游戏获得成功,其秘密在于“底层管理”使得游戏项目得以顺利完成。

数学能力(Mathematics):

游戏中充满了大量的数学、概率论、风险分析和复杂评分系统的应用,这些东西听上去就不那么好理解,更不必说哪些隐藏在计算机图形学和计算机科学背后的数学知识。

音乐(Music):

音乐是灵魂的语言。如果你真的想让你的游戏触动人们,并使人们沉溺和接受你的游戏,那么你绝不能忽视音乐的作用。

心理学(Psychology):

制作游戏的目标是让人们因你的游戏而感到快乐。所以,必须懂得人们思想的运作方式,否则你只是在黑暗中进行设计。

公众演讲(Public Speaking):

作为游戏设计师,将你的创意讲给一群人听是件家常便饭的事。这样做的目的有时是为了征求这些人的反馈,有时是为了让他们接受你新创意所具有的特质。但无论是什么原因,你必须以一种自信的、清晰的、自然的和有趣的方式将这些信息传递给你的听众,否则人们将怀疑你根本不知道自己在做什么。

音效设计能力(Sound Design):

声音是真正说服大脑的一种工具,它可以使大脑相信自己位于某些场景之中,换句话说就是“耳听为实”。

写作技巧(Technical Writing):

在游戏设计过程中,你需要撰写文档来清晰阐释你那复杂的设计,其中不能留有任何遗漏和空白。

视觉艺术(Visual Arts):

由于游戏将充满图像元素,所以你必须熟练地掌握图像设计这门技巧,并且要知道如何使用这门技巧来制作游戏,以使你的游戏能够具有你所希望的那种效果。、

当然,以上列出的并不是全部技能,除此之外还有很多。看起来很吓人吧?有哪个人可以精通所有技能呢?事实上没有一个人可以。对于这些技能,尽管不必每一样都精通,但你掌握这些技巧越多,制作出的游戏越与众不同。这就是作为游戏设计师必须自信和无畏的另一个原因,因为你永远也不可能精通所有技能,你要用自信去面对哪些未知的事物,用无畏去挑战那些“不可能完成”的难题。但是有一样技能是最关键的,它是一把开启其他技能大门的钥匙。

最重要的技能:真正的倾听

不同于之前所列举的技能,有一个技能是最重要的,由于它会让大多数人感到非常的奇怪,以至于当时没有把它一并列出来。很多人猜是“创造力”,还有些人根据游戏设计是觉得的过程这一论断,猜是“批判性思维”或是“逻辑思维”,我想说,这些都是非常重要的技能,但并不意味着就是最重要的技能。

一些人说是“沟通”,这个答案确实有些接近了。“沟通”这个词已经在几个世纪后被不幸的混淆了,它曾经是被用来表示意见的交换,但是现在却变成了交谈的同义词,比如“我有一些事情想和你沟通一下”。交谈确实是一项非常重要的技能,但是良好的沟通和良好的游戏设计都根植于更加基础和更加重要的基石之上。

这块基石就是倾听

对于游戏设计师来讲,最重要的技能就是倾听

游戏设计师要倾听来自各方面的声音。这些倾听的渠道可以被分为五大类:团队、玩家、游戏、投资人和自己。

所谓倾听,指的不是仅仅能够听到声音而已,指的是一种更深层次的倾听,一种有思想的倾听。

关于天赋的小秘密:热情比一切东西都重要

听我说了这么多花哨的东西,你可能已经开始灰心了吧? 你开始想游戏设计到底是否适合自己了吧? 你可能会注意到那些有经验的游戏设计师仿佛具有与生俱来的天赋来胜任这份工作。 对他们来说,这些天赋来得简单又自然;但对于你来说,尽管非常热爱游戏,但还是怀疑自己是否拥有足够的天赋来成为一名成功的设计师。 其实关于天赋,这里有一个小秘密,让我来告诉你。你对工作的热爱,对于技能(游戏设计)的热爱,会比技能(游戏设计)本身更加重要。 如果你热爱游戏设计,那么你会使用一切有限的技能进行设计,而且会一如既往地坚持下去。随后,不可思议的事情就会发生,也许一天,人们会说:“哇,那家伙真是个天才设计师!” 也许你并不确定是否需要拥有这种天赋,同时也不确定是否真正热爱游戏设计。我们曾经遇到过很多刚入行的人,他们选择游戏设计的初衷只是想看看这一行究竟是什么样子的,但后来他们惊喜地发现,他们真的爱上了这项工作。我也碰到过那些自认为生来就是游戏设计师的人,但是当体验到游戏设计的真正含义以后,他们却发现这个工作并不适合自己。 这里有一种唯一的检验方式来检查你是否拥有天赋:沿着这条路走下去吧,看看你的工作能否让你心跳加速。

请再次念诵你的魔法咒语:

你是谁? 我是一名游戏设计师。 不对,你不是。 我是一名游戏设计师。 你是个什么样的设计师? 我是一名游戏设计师。 你是说你只玩游戏。 我是一名游戏设计师。

这个小游戏也许看起来有些傻,但对于你建立自信非常重要。当我们必须要做一件事情,就不要怕被嘲笑。真正的游戏设计师。

你会失败吗?当然会。你会一遍又一遍的失败,但这些失败却是你通往成功的唯一路径,每一次失败都会让你离杰出的游戏更进一步。

魔术师有一种说法:“如果没有跌倒,你就没有在学习;如果你没有在学习,那么你就不是一名魔术师。”这个说法同样适用于游戏设计:如果没有失败,那么你就没有尽最大的努力,你也就不是一名真正的游戏设计师。

 

作者简介:
Jesse Schell(美),卡耐基梅隆大学娱乐技术中心的教授,他讲授游戏设计并主持若干研究项目。他也是Schell Games公司的CEO,之前担任过迪士尼幻想虚拟的创意总监,国际游戏开发者协会的主席。

本文节选自Jesse Schell(美)的书《全景探秘游戏设计艺术》。

 

转载请注明:【GA游戏策划新手营】 » 成为游戏策划设计师需要哪些技能

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