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额外加分:策划新概念“反击”机制

策划视频 sean 2484浏览 13评论

玩游戏通常是一家欢喜一家愁。如果一局游戏里,双方玩家无论输赢都能爽,这不就Win-Win了嘛。今天的《额外加分》特意对此提出了一个全新概念:“反击”机制。它的精髓就是:别让赢家轻而易举,也别让输家坐以待毙。策划们得想办法给双方都留下发挥和反击的空间。这个说起来容易,做起来就没那么简单了。看完这集,没准就给你的策划思路打开一扇明窗。

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大家好!我们今天的造型由Fangamer.net的设计师一手打造,他们很喜欢做各种逗比的东西。想上他们的网站要慎点哦!他们有办法把你口袋里的钱忽悠走。

James几个礼拜前跟Tom Cadwell在Riot Games聊天时,Tom提出一个我们都觉得吊爆的策划理念。对于多玩家游戏的策划,这个理念清晰、简单、重要,不做一集实在说不过去。Tom觉得很酷。所以我们在今天这集里讲到的“反击”机制,全部来自于Tom —— 至少他是第一个正式讲给我们听的 —— 因此一切归功于他。如果我们在讨论细节的过程中弄错了什么的话,全赖我。如果我们够幸运的话,Tom会在今后谈到。到时候就不是5分钟能了事的,至少得侃1个钟头。

那么,“反击”机制是什么?基本上就是 —— 在多玩家游戏里,设计一种技能或机制时 —— 你不能只想着设计出有趣的技能或机制给用得到的玩家使用,你还得考虑如何让那些反方玩家也觉得有趣。更严格来说,这个创意的目的是让多玩家游戏里的机制和技能可以增加有意义的选择,无论玩家正在使用还是正被使用。听起来似乎很清楚,但我看到不少多玩家游戏里却完全没有这样的概念。就连那些资深的多玩家游戏策划的讨论,也常常集中在如何让技能不大大地减少接收端玩家的选择,而不是那些能增加选项的技能。

多玩家游戏里的任何机制都应该让玩家感到兴奋,无论他是使用者还是被使用者。听起来够简单了吧。举几个例子,有好的,有糟的。许多人可能都玩过多玩家射击游戏,有时候你老是被狙,甚至还没搞清楚枪是从哪儿放的就挨了枪子儿。这就是策划没有加入“反击”机制的例子。那个狙击手可能越狙越爽,但对于被狙的人,这一点儿都不好玩 —— 即使对于游戏本身没有多大影响,即使他最后只被人狙了几次 —— 这个机制太烂,因为被狙的人根本就没感受到游戏的乐趣。

现在跟《坦克破坏者》、《炮兵》还有《坦克世界》里的狙击坦克比一下。这些游戏用许多方式创造了“反击”机制,咱们就看其中一招:锁定。A队这些狙击坦克的视角看不了太远,它们需要自己队伍里的其他坦克,比如轻型坦克,为它们锁定敌人。但这些侦察坦克血薄得要死,B队的敌人可以用许多有趣的战术。比如B队可以摧毁那些侦察坦克,让对方的狙击坦克变成睁眼瞎;或者它们可以把那些侦察坦克调虎离山,再朝对方的软肋火力全开。如果B队够狡猾,它们还可以把侦察坦克引向它们防守最严的坦克,让敌方狙击坦克把有限的炮弹浪费到那些大家伙身上,B队可以趁机发起猛攻,不用担心对方来袭。

这就是好的“反击”机制。不仅狙击坦克和侦察坦克觉得这个机制有趣,就连接收端的玩家也玩得很High。这么一来,B队由于A队的加入,觉得游戏更有趣了。

或者想想LoL,最简单的例子是那些可以被野怪挡掉的技能。如果你知道对手有替你打怪的技能,这就完全改变了你从登陆阶段开始的游戏玩法。这为你开放了许多冒险/奖励的选项。最后就变成了你和对手间的周旋,你想让野怪挡在你和对手的中间,而对手又想干掉你……同时,你还要诱敌深入,让你或你的队友有机可乘,因为对手也在伺机而动。各自的技能让每个参与者都很开心。正反方的玩家使用各自的技能,共同创造出更多有趣的选项。

这就是创造深度的“反击”机制,通过技能区分玩家。通过增加对游戏中所有人都有效的选项,好的“反击”机制能够延长游戏的寿命,允许玩家在玩的同时不断开发新玩法。

那么我们该如何设计出好的“反击”机制呢?我希望自己能给出详细的回答,因为那就能解释我们常常办不到的原因,不过答案真的很简单:学会观察。哪怕你手头还没有现成的原型可试,先闭上眼睛想想你的游戏机制,不仅要想玩起来如何,还要站在反方角度想清楚。假设你就是玩家,问问自己,这是不是让我的游戏更好玩?如果别人这样做,我会不会对这个游戏更感兴趣?这样会增加技能区分的机会,还是会减少机会?这能拓宽我玩游戏时的选项还是减少选项?

当你有了游戏原型,反复测试,观察新机制所带来的玩家反应。玩家会否选用你提供的“反击”选项?他们最后会否试一些技能,用以回应作用在他们身上的机制?如果不的话,你该如何修复这个问题?你该如何拓宽那些选项或者让玩家更加清楚“反击”机制?

创造出好的“反击”机制并不容易。需要你想想为所有人策划的经历,而不是仅仅想出一个自以为很酷的技能。这能让我们想起集体经历,而不仅仅是专注于某一个玩家或某一种类型。但这么做绝对可以做出更好的多玩家游戏。糟糕的“反击”机制会让你的多玩家游戏体验没一会儿就结束了。

所以,再次对Tom表示感谢,让我们能在这里聊你的创意。有许多游戏策划的元素是策划们可以想到,却没有挖掘下去的,因为没人把那些创意写出来,这只是其中一条而已。谢谢你没把这宝贝藏着掖着。

感谢观看!

 

转载请注明:【GA游戏策划新手营】 » 额外加分:策划新概念“反击”机制

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