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额外加分:MMORTS游戏那点事儿

策划视频 sean 2881浏览 17评论

说起MMORTS(大型多人线上即时战略游戏),第一想到的是什么?星际争霸?DotA?终极塔防?在铁与血的酣畅淋漓之下,游戏策划关心的肯定是:如果我也来做一款DotA这样的游戏,也能像暴雪一样卖座吗?也能赚翻天吗?我在设计时应该注意哪些地方呢?GA君G情建议:知其然不如知其所以然,虽然有钱可以任性,但要山寨一款DotA也不是那么容易。比如你就要考虑……

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总有一群死忠每个礼拜雷打不动地求我们做一集RTS游戏。叫我做就做,岂不是太没面子。但是……好吧,你赢了。这次由画家Cat Sze友情相助。上她的站看看,包你32个赞不取消。

通常情况下,只有某种类型的游戏又出了好玩的新花样,我们才会唠两句。不过RTS游戏圈最近比较寂寞。要我说,《星际争霸2》都算不上这个圈子里这么长时间以来最好玩的(虽然确实很吊),数得上号还得是DOTA和《终极塔防》,不服来辩。

今天不谈MOD社区和它高涨的商业影响,因为相关数据还不清晰。等数据足够、看法客观时,我们会好好聊聊。今天我们只聊MMORTS。

打造一款MMORTS游戏至少要烧几百万刀,大多数想法都被扼杀在萌芽状态,或者一见光就死翘翘。是不是打造一款MMORTS游戏比登天还难?倒也未必。那么问题出在哪儿呢?

大多数MMORTS游戏的机制一心想抄《星际争霸》,山寨一个《魔兽世界》类型的世界。这怎么能行?MMORTS游戏不应该是《星际争霸》的翻版。别这么没节操。

MMO游戏要想玩得转,进程是关键。随着你投入时间的增加,进程也在发展。RTS游戏要想玩得转,策略性玩法必不可少。如果熟悉规则和机制,胜利的天平会向你倾斜。《星际争霸》类型的游戏就不一样了,采矿也好,建造单位也罢,玩家进程绝逼不会出现,因为进程会影响游戏的开放性。平衡《星际争霸》风格的RTS游戏也是任重而道远。加入MMO游戏式的进程,只会让它成为玩家的梦魇。我们没时间把所有的可能性一探究竟,不过这里有个简单到爆的栗子让你有个基本概念:

RPG游戏里,如果玩家等级上升,攻击力加3点,这就等于:他们的伤害力增加了3点。在RTS游戏里,如果玩家等级上升,你就让所有人的伤害力增加3点,到底有什么影响真说不准。有些游戏里,你的DPS可能会增加3000点;有些游戏里,可能毛用都没有,因为对手玩策略的话,你的人也使不上劲。假如你甚至不知道双方玩家的buff是否相同,平衡RTS游戏几乎就是不可能完成的任务。

把《星际争霸》风格的RTS游戏丢进《魔兽世界》那样的开发世界,其他的平衡性问题也会找上门来,你的游戏就注定与策略无缘了。最显眼的问题是,如果你让玩家一直建造单位,玩得越久自然越强,也就是说最佳战术必定是碾压菜鸟。这样不太好吧。《星战前夜》的解决之道是加入安全环境和不安全环境,但解决不了我们的问题。因为《星战前夜》里,玩家由飞船替代,把基地到处迁移会相当繁重。要避免这个问题,你可以不让玩家迁移他们的基地,但又会走进另一个死胡同,因为你需要一大片“新手”区域,越来越多的玩家会在这里搭建永久基地。到头来你想退都退不回去,根本删不掉这些基地。

可以学学《银河帝国》,只允许分级化互动,也就是只允许旗鼓相当的玩家对战,但你这样不仅把玩家分为三六九等,还制造了难以逾越的路径问题,高等级军队只能避开那些低等级玩家,因为只能看不能动手啊喂。想象一下这个画面,你练出一支吊炸天的军队,结果周围都是不能碰的低等级玩家,就连他们的基地也通不过。

接下来的问题就是玩家掉线时,他们的装备怎么办?也会跟着消失吗?如果是这样,他们重新登陆后会不会又重新出现?如果军队本来在穿越安全环境,可等你登陆回来发现有人攻占了那片区域,这该怎么破?如果有人在被攻击的时候,自己把电源拔掉了,又该怎么破?

我可以一连几小时列一堆不重样的问题,再一连几小时解释这样治标不治本的方法,只能增添新麻烦或把自己玩残了。问题太多,咱们以后再喷,还是谈谈怎么解决。

我相当确定第一款成功的MMORTS游戏里没有资源收集,它允许玩家给某种比赛带来有限数量的资源。玩过《战锤》或《战争机器》等桌游的人会熟悉这种模式。策划让每个角色或单位都有一定分值,玩家要把一定分值的单位投入战斗。一旦开战,就不能造新的单位。

过去的《神话》游戏就是用这种系统,在保证平衡方面做得相当赞。即使允许玩家进程出现,你也只会增加因升级单位或角色所带来的开销,以此保持平衡,这意味着更高等级的玩家也许会多一点花样,但不会因此变得更强。策划清楚玩家在系统里需要多少分才能实现,他们可以在玩法上调整。

第一款成功的MMORTS游戏里会有影响经济或战略地图的战斗。也就是说玩的时候,你会和几个玩家参与到RTS战斗里,就像如今的多人RTS比赛,但最后你会赢得奖励,影响进程,以及你所处“世界” 的整体状况。也许玩的时候,你会开始看整个游戏世界的2D大地图。这张地图会分成玩家控制或影响的各个区域。选择其中一块区域,可能就选择了一种游戏类型,或者选择了当你获胜时希望从中得分的区域。身为玩家,你可以选择一块区域,来一场4对4战斗,最后赢得货币用于装备/单位的升级(到这一步系统仍然可以保持平衡)。你还能捡随机落地的物品(像是装备)和地盘的控制点。当你累计到一定数量,你就能获得额外奖励,“控制”那块地盘。

如果想展望未来,你可以看看《幕府将军2》里的多人模式。这是第一款我觉得走对路的游戏,虽然看起来丑了点。但是里面有我们列出的所有特色,只缺把玩家基地捆绑在一起的经济系统……如果喜欢大型战略游戏,或者想看看未来的MMORTS游戏长啥样,不玩这个是你的损失啊,如果再多来点“MMO”,绝对棒棒哒。

这就是我们对MMORTS游戏的看法。《民族终结》发行了,算是预算最高的RTS游戏了吧。不展示一下游戏玩法说得过去吗?祝它大卖,这会是MMORTS游戏未来极好的研究案例。

但愿你们喜欢,下周见!

 

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