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额外加分:光刷分不练技,你们也是够了

策划视频 sean 2014浏览 13评论

犹记得当年,骚年GA君和一群小伙伴偷偷去基友家玩PS上的《侍魂》。那时候大家以为对打就是比谁手快,于是一群人猛虐手柄。结果有一个选夏洛特,每次这么死按都能发出一串华丽丽的连招,赢得所有人一致的膜拜。可惜好景不长,自从GA君学会发标,他那招就再也不灵了,从此GA君就成了基友们的新偶像。本集《额外加分》讲的就是这个:提升技巧比无脑刷分更有前途。

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有个问题想起来就睡不着觉 —— 尤其在多P游戏里 —— 游戏策划尤其关心物品战斗力的平衡,以至于忘了这些物品不是一个人在战斗。我们今天来BB一下怎么平衡游戏里玩家的技巧,如果技巧太渣还刷个毛。有哪个策划和玩家敢说自己无所谓技巧的吗?我保证不打死你。

说到底:战斗力可以直接平衡游戏确实没错,但玩家投入技巧也能产出战斗力啊喂。小白可能刚开始会看不懂,以为反正就一次线性函数嘛。可是玩家用了X技巧,能够发挥Y战斗力,不等于用X+2的技巧,就能发挥Y+2战斗力。如此反直觉的方式扇了许多策划一耳光 —— 尤其在多P环境下 —— 投入的技巧值低一点,而技巧/战斗力的换算比却高一点,听起来是不是有股蛋蛋的忧桑……这不是两三句话就说得清的。举几个栗子先。

没玩过《街头霸王》的生物应该不存在了吧?你学会的第一招恐怕就是大相扑的千手观音或者春丽的高抬腿。看起来是不是吊炸天,不会放这招的基本只有被虐的份儿,重复使用包你在前几关把电脑轻松爆菊。这相当重要。这几招就属于用简单粗暴的技巧换来大规模战斗力,尽管谈不上是最强悍的技巧。大神也很少用。既然如此,还放那儿干嘛?有什么用呢?因为小白很容易上手,游戏也不会太low,更重要的是小白不会老被碾压。哪怕玩家还不会什么技巧,他们也同样可以玩得很high,这样人家才有兴趣钻进去练习嘛。

想要个更好的栗子吗?比如《使命召唤》里的“菜鸟管”。由于《使命召唤》里有随机安排,老鸟很容易就遇到小白。想让老鸟和小白都嗨森,只有给小白一些东西,让他们只用简单的技巧就跟吃了大力丸一样。那就……用菜鸟管吧。老鸟根本不屑于用,因为他们有更强悍的招,但小白偶尔也能用霸气的枪榴弹把老鸟爆菊。

尽管有人在论坛里喷菜鸟管,但少了它,《使命召唤》也不会像现在这么火。到头来只剩一小撮老鸟碾压小白,秒杀胆敢来犯的他们。小白想必很快就腻了,连玩下去的勇气都没,到时候游戏就成了鬼城(至少是死忠粉的难民营)。信不信由你,就连技巧满格的大神也离不开菜鸟管。

但愿你能理解技巧平衡的意思,以及它之所以重要的原因。但你要是还不信,咱就看看技巧不平衡会带来什么后果。

把技巧高效转换为战斗力的招数或动作,通常是“无脑打法”(我更喜欢称之为FOO打法)。小白玩家既然无招可出,那就这么着呗。玩家可以在游戏里反复使用这种无脑打法。玩《街头霸王》的时候把难度调成“简单”,你用千手观音能一路拍下去……这绝逼不是最吊的招数,但你肯定用得上。这些无脑打法是个人就会用,但你身为策划如果不当回事就问题大大滴。

你常常会发现,如果策划不去平衡技巧,玩家就会不停使用无脑打法,直到打不下去为止。这当然妥妥的OK。一点问题都没有。玩家也会自信心爆棚,觉得自己吊炸天,这种游戏小菜一碟……但其实越早发现自己是渣越好。通常情况下 —— 玩家自己意识不到—— 策划会加入其它更吊一点的技能和招数,但也需要更多技巧来做到。他们希望玩家不断提升战斗力,因为“能力B妥妥的强过能力A”。他们希望玩家尽早抛弃无脑打法,早日发出更强悍的大招。

但这么说也肯定有问题。如果能力B比能力A强10%,但操作难度提升3倍,那你不如用外挂算了。玩家会继续用简单的招数,反正是一样打嘛,这也会导致两个不好的结果。A:玩家流失,因为没啥玩头,他们沉浸不到游戏里。B:玩家最终放弃,因为无脑打法失灵,自己还没学会策划希望他们能学会的技巧。玩家走了一条和策划预期完全不同的路,最终走入死胡同,撞上南墙,只能跟游戏说拜拜,或者反过来爱有多深、恨就有多痛。

有个《星际争霸》的早期栗子很能说明问题。一大波虫族第一次入侵,在当时算是最简单粗暴的刷分策略。于是一大群吊丝屁颠屁颠地刷,让等级蹭蹭直飙,一个个都觉得自己吊得不行。谁承想等虫族入侵的势头慢慢退却,这些小白没有一个水平真正见涨,于是等级又蹭蹭掉下来,很快就不玩了。

没人逼他们寻找新策略,因此他们就不能沉浸到游戏里,很快撞上南墙。好策划有办法鼓励玩家摒弃无脑打法,给他们一些新挑战,不一定非要更高的技巧,只要使用新策略就能过关。

所以当你发现自己打游戏时重复使用某些策略,想一想技巧转战斗力的关系,问自己这是不是无脑打法,还是策划先给你尝的甜头。说不定就会改变你的打法哦。

下周见!

 

转载请注明:【GA游戏策划新手营】 » 额外加分:光刷分不练技,你们也是够了

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